Castle of Brescia
Brescia Castle The Brescia castle stands on the top of the Cidneo hill; inhabited since the Bronze Age, today it is an important archaeological site. The hill was used by Celts and Romans as a place of worship of which we can still see the remains inside the keep. Starting from the Middle Ages the hill was used as a military fortress and transformed into a castle, under the Visconti rule it began to be built as a fortified citadel with the keep at its center which today occupies the highest part of the hill and inside we find the museum. of weapons. The castle is accessed via an imposing sixteenth-century monumental portal and, once through the entrance, following the path to the right, you reach the bastion of San Pietro, also meeting the sixteenth-century well to which two massive stone lions were affixed in 1890. Following the path to the left, instead, we first notice the bell tower of the former sanctuary of Santo Stefano Nuovo, then skirt the Haynau building. On the vast square above the bastion of San Faustino there is a characteristic steam locomotive, one of the symbols of the Castle, which carried out the Brescia-Edolo route at the beginning of the twentieth century. On the right, near the long officers' palace, there is the entrance to the Soccorso road, built under the Visconti domination, it was used to bring reinforcements inside the castle or to escape, besides the buildings of the Piccolo Miglio, today headquarters exhibition of the railway model, and of the Grande Miglio, where the Museo del Risorgimento is housed. Once up the ramp you come to the fourteenth-century enclosure with an entrance equipped with a double drawbridge: on the right rises the tower of the Prisoners. Proceeding to the left, it runs along the keep, whose wall still shows traces of Ghibelline battlements. Finally we reach the northern gardens, with the top of the Coltrina tower on the left, in the center the Martyrs' pit and, on the right, the French tower. From the fourteenth-century drawbridge, otherwise, you can reach the top of the fortress with the Piazzale della Torre Mirabella, where you also have access to the keep.
Source: Accademia Santa Giulia Students